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05. Hydrology

1. Fundamentals of Hydrology (Routledge Fundamentals of Physical Geography)

Water

is essential to sustain life on planet Earth, and an understanding of water quantity and quality issues is vital for anyone involved in environmental management. Providing new and updated case studies and added depth to the subject areas Fundamentals of Hydrology 2nd edition provides an absorbing and comprehensive introduction to our understanding of how fresh water moves on and around the planet and how humans affect and manage the quantity and quality of water available to them. It also now includes a new chapter on the important area of water resource management. The book consists of three parts, each of fundamental importance in the understanding of hydrology: The first section deals with processes within the hydrological cycle, our understanding of them, and how to measure and estimate the amount of water within each process. This also includes an analysis of how each process impacts upon water quality issues. The second section is concerned with the assessment of important hydrological parameters such as streamflow and water quality. It describes analytical and modelling techniques used by practising hydrologists in the assessment of water resources. The final section of the book draws together the first two parts to discuss the impact of water quality on aquatic ecology and out of stream uses of the water; how society can manage water for the maximum benefit; and how hydrology reacts to environmental change. Fundamentals of Hydrology is a lively and accessible introduction to the study of hydrology at university level. It gives undergraduates a thorough understanding of hydrological processes, knowledge of the techniques used to assess water resources and an up-to-date overview of hydrological management in a changing world. Throughout the text examples and case studies from around the world are used to clearly explain ideas and techniques. Short chapter summaries, essay questions, guides to further reading and a glossary are also included.

  • Publisher: Routledge
  • Number Of Pages: 228
  • Publication Date: 2008-06-20
  • ISBN-10 / ASIN: 0415399866
  • ISBN-13 / EAN: 9780415399869
  • Binding: Hardcover

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2. Community-Based Water Law and Water Resource Management Reform In Developing Countries (Comprehensive Assessment of Water Management in Agriculture)

The lack of sufficient access to clean water is a common problem faced by communities in developing countries. While reforms have been implemented to manage water resources, these have taken little notice of how people use and manage their water and have limited effect at the ground level. On the other hand, regulations developed within communities are livelihood-orientated and provide incentives for collective action but they can also be hierarchal, enforcing power and gender inequalities. This book shows how bringing together the strengths of community-based laws rooted in user participation and the formalized legal systems of the public sector, water management regimes will be more able to reach their goals

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3. INTEGRATED WATER MANAGEMENT

Water is essential for a wide range of human activities and it exists in relatively finite amounts. When dealing with water management, different issues should be combined: water demand, water quality, irrigation and food production, ecosystem preservation, cost minimization, technological options, legislative frameworks, social impact.

The main goal of the book is to give a general framework about Integrated Water Management (IWM), that is the planning and management of water resources integrating the different issues involved (ecological, economic, technical legislative, transboundary, etc.). The manuscript is the result of the research activity and the exchange of knowledge among a team of experts in different disciplines and institutions related to water resources, and includes both the different environmental problems that affect the very different ecosystems, and the main methodologies able to face the problem of IWM.

The book is divided in three parts: Concepts and approaches of IWM (Part I), Case studies (Part II), and Reports of the working groups (Part III).

Finally, the book contains a section of conclusions that includes discussion about the presented methodologies, approaches, and issues. In particular, the perspective of experts in different disciplines (engineering perspective, biology perspective, economic perspective, etc. has been given).

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4. Cost-Benefit Analysis And Water Resources Management

`Water is not just H2O, but has a socioeconomic value for many use and non-use purposes. This volume contains a varied set of very interesting evaluation studies on water resources management. The editors have served the scientific community and relevant policy bodies with a balanced collection of operational contributions to a solid cost-benefit perspective on water management. This book is certainly an eye-opener for anyone interested in the significance of cost-benefit analysis for water policy issues.’
– Peter Nijkamp, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, The Netherlands `The book chapters are written to accommodate readers of various disciplines, using a descriptive analysis of complicated issues to be easily comprehended by non-technical readers. The coverage of the issues is also phenomenal, including application of CBA to flood control, river restoration, river basin management, water quality, ground water, and water allocation, to mention only a few. The group of contributing experts is also very impressive, including authoritative practitioners and academicians, all of whom display a high level of expertise and experience. In a world where water becomes a contested scarce resource, the appropriate use of economic tools in a policy context is a very important goal. This book with its authoritative guidance does contribute to achieving it.’ – Ariel Dinar, World Bank and Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies, US `This book provides a solid foundation in the theory and methods of cost-benefit analysis of water resources, along with a wide range of case studies that illustrate the practical aspects of applying cost-benefit analysis. There is much an aspiring cost-benefit practitioner and water resources planner can learn from this volume to improve the economic efficiency of water resource management.’ – John Loomis, Colorado State University, US `This book offers a unique and very coherent collection of ambitious CBA studies of water-related issues. It can be seen as a showcase of the potential, as well as a test on the limits, of cost-benefit analysis. Given the increasing importance of effective and efficient management of water – in response to water scarcity, water pollution and climate trends – the lessons from this book will be very useful to policymakers and social scientists alike.’ – Jeroen van den Bergh, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, The Netherlands How are the economic values of water and water quality accounted for in policy and project appraisal? This important new book aims to give an overview of the state-of-the-art in Cost-Benefit Analysis (CBA) in water resources management throughout Europe and North America, along with an examination of current applications. The distinguished authors highlight problems and challenges encountered in the use of CBA in 15 country-specific case studies. Based on these case studies, the value and limits of CBA in water resources management are assessed and special attention is paid to the institutional and policy context in which CBA is carried out. Cost-Benefit Analysis and Water Resources Management is written for both academics and policymakers interested in the use and usefulness of CBA in water resources management. Contributors: I.J. Bateman, J. Briscoe, R. Bronda, R. Brouwer, P. Campos-Palacín, A. Dubgaard, D.P. Dupont, P. Frykblom, S. Georgiou, C. Griffiths, B. Groom, A. Helgesson, M.F. Kallesøe, J.M. Kind, A. Kontogianni, P. Koundouri, J. Ladenburg, I.H. Langford, J. López-Linage, S. Loubier, J. Maestu, D.W. Pearce, M.L. Petersen, S. Renzetti, J.-D. Rinaudo, H. Scharin, M. Skourtos, R. Smale, T. Söderqvist, G. Soto Montes de Oca, T. Swanson, W. Wheeler, R.A. Young, B. Zanou

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